|Brooklyn Daily Eagle, April 24, 1915, p. 1|
By 1916, the increasing u-boat activity in the North Atlantic shipping lanes in defiance of international law increased anti-German sentiment in the U.S. In October of 1916, the submarine U-53 threatened and attacked British and neutral merchant ships off the Nantucket Lightship, within 100 miles of Newport, R.I.
Links (*access may require HWPL library card)
- World War I: ABC-CLIO American History database (requires HW library card)
- "Club Bars German Embassy members," Detroit Free Press, June 12, 1915, p. 1
- America Entangled: the Secret Plotting of German Spies in the United States and the Inside Story of the Sinking of the Lusitania by John Price Jones (A.C. Laut, 1917)
- "Relief funds of Alliance turned over to Dernberg," St. Louis-Post Dispatch, March 10, 1918, p.A1.
- "Six Spies Arrested in Brooklyn; German Attaches to be Ousted..." Brooklyn Daily Eagle, July 7, 1917, p. 1.
- Count von Bernstorff's account of alleged spying in America
- The Zimmermann Telegram (U.S. Archives)
- getlucy.org: relive and learn more about the first time in history where an encrypted message was sent and received.
- U.S.S. San Diego - Armored Cruiser 6
- The New York Times Current History, The European War, vol. 9: (1917) Submarine Warfare off the American Coast
- HistoryNet: German Spies in New York!
- German-Americans during World War I (Immigrant Entrepreneurship: from the Transatlantic Program of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany )
1 St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 10, 1912, p. 1.
2 Long Island Forum , vol. 20 (1957), p. 2+.
3 The New York Tribune, August 10, 1912, p. 3. 4 The New York Times, August 19, 1950, p. 12.
5 "German Embassy moves to L.I," Daily Star, June 10, 1915, p. 2.
6 "Prince enjoys "Jitney Golf," The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 26, 1915, p. 1.
7 The "Zimmerman Telegram" was intercepted by British intelligence in 1917.
8 "36 German agents off to Oglethorpe," The New York Times, January 20, 1918, p. 4.
9 Tucker, Spencer C. (ed.) Count von Bernstorff in World War I: the Definitive Encyclopedia and Document collection. ABC-CLIO, 2014, p. 248.